“Salut” and “Bună” (Hello) are the most common informal verbal greetings in Romania, in Moldova “Noroc” (Cheers/Hi) is also quite common. In both countries, Bună dimineaţa (Good morning), Bună ziua (Hello/Good day), and Bună seara (Good evening) are the common formal verbal greetings.
Romanians and Moldovans alike, greet each other with a handshake and direct eye contact. Kissing and hugging is normal among friends. In Moldova, people will give only one kiss, but in Romania it is customary to give two kisses, starting with the left cheek.
Romanians are usually direct communicators and appreciate honesty above all. Nonetheless, when discussing sensitive matters, they do so quite tactfully. Romanians do not hide their emotions, and speak very passionately, especially if among friends and family. Moldovans value their personal relationships, and politeness is highly regarded. In Moldovan culture, people tend to be more reserved when interacting with strangers but are warm and friendly among friends and family.
Personal Space and Touching
Keeping a distance of over an arm’s length is the norm in Romania but this distance could be bigger when talking to strangers. In Moldova, this is not the case, and people will tend to speak to each other closer. Romanians are quite tactile when talking, usually gesticulate a lot, and it is normal for friends to casually touch during conversation to demonstrate their engagement. Moldovans, on the other hand, are not so tactile and it is not very common for people to touch during conversation. Public displays of affection are not very common in Moldova, either.
Eye Contact and Gestures
Direct eye contact is expected, both in Romania and in Moldova. Occasionally, people’s eyes will wonder during conversation, but this is not a sign that they lost interest. As mentioned above, Romanians are quite tactile, and they will gesticulate while speaking. In Moldova, putting the thumb between your two fingers is an extremely rude gesture.
Romanian Culture Reference Guide
Romanian Population in the United States
Professional Romanian Translation Services
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Romanian Language Services
Romanian is a Romance language, just like Italian, French, Spanish or Portuguese. It is the only Romance language spoken in Eastern Europe, mainly in Romania and Moldova, and it has Slavic, Greek, Germanic, Hungarian, and Turkish influences. Romanian has four dialects: Daco-Romanian (Romanian), Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian. There is a debate around the Romanian dialects because some linguists consider Aromanian, Megleno-Romanian, and Istro-Romanian to be languages and not dialects of Romanian. The dialects are not mutually intelligible.
Commonly referred to as Romanian, this dialect is spoken in Romania and in the Republic of Moldova, where it is also called Moldovan. It is the Romanian dialect spoken north of the Danube river. This dialect is the largest in number of speakers and it has the most subdialects: Muntean, Oltean, Bănăţean, Crişean, Maramureşean, and Moldovenesc.
Also known as Macedo-Romanian, this dialect is spoken in some areas of Macedonia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Romania. Aromanian is the second most spoken dialect of Romanian and it is characterized by having longer words. Orthographically, Aromanian words are the most similar to Daco-Romanian, out of all the dialects. This dialect also has a separate literary form.
This dialect is spoken in the Meglen region, in the south of the Balkan Peninsula, particularly between the border of Greece and the Republic of Macedonia, but some communities can be found in areas of Romania and Turkey. Less than 5,000 people speak this dialect, and they identify as Vlasi. Megleno-Romanian derives from the Aromanian dialect; therefore, its words are also usually longer than Draco-Romanian words.
Spoken in Croatia, more specifically in some villages on the northeast of the Istrian Peninsula, it is not only a dialect but also an ethnicity. Even though the dialect derived from Daco-Romanian, both orthographically and phonetically, Istro-Romanian words are the most different from Daco-Romanian, possibly because of geographical distance. According to UNESCO, it is an endangered language.
Fun fact: Nikola Tesla was actually of Istro-Romanian origin. His original family name was Drăghici, but because his ancestor’s profession of carpenter (teslari) passed down in the family, the name was eventually changed to the nickname Teslea, and then became Tesla.Tweet that, Elon!
Romanian is the official language of Romania, Moldova, and Vojvodina, an autonomous region of Serbia. The language is spoken by the majority of Romanian and Moldovan nationals and by around 28 million people worldwide, either as a first or second language.
Substantial numbers of Romanian speakers can also be found in Servia, Hungary, Croatia, Greece, Bulgaria, Germany, and in the United States.
Countries where Romanian is the Official Language
The first wave of Romanian immigrants arrived at the United States during the 1880’s and prior to World War I. Most Romanian migrants fled from regions under Austro-Hungarian rule. As of 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau estimates that around 450,600 Americans report Romanian ancestry.
The number of Romanian speakers in the U.S. is not comprised only by Romanian nationals or those who report Romanian ancestry. After being recognized as and independent state in 1991, the Republic of Moldova experienced a high number of emigrations, mainly due to economic and political instability and around 40,000 people migrated to the United States. As of 2013, the number of Romanian speakers in the United States totals 154,600.
Leading states with the highest Romanian speaking population:
Romanian to English Translation Services
Whether you need documents or files translated from Romanian to English or English to Romanian translation, our detail-oriented team will ensure that your Romanian document translation is perfect without losing the original intent of the language.
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